Happy 4th of July to all! As we celebrate the independence of our country on this day and the freedoms we are thankful for, we would like to take a closer look at the road towards independence for other countries around the world. News headlines the past few months have been dominated by the strive for democracy in the Middle East and North Africa. Here’s our second blog post from our newest blog series–Get Educated, One Topic At A Time featured every Monday, whose focus today is on this year’s “Arab Spring” from start to present! And speaking of emerging democracies, stay tuned for a blog post later on this week in honor of Southern Sudan’s official independence on July 9th!
While the term, “Arab Spring” is one of some contention, there can be no denying that there is a major change happening in the Middle East and North Africa. Said by some to be as important, if not moreso to world history than the fall of the Berlin Wall, the “Arab Spring” has significantly changed the political atmosphere both within the region and around the world. Beginning when Mohamed Bouazizi, a Tunisian college graduate who was selling vegetables from a cart because of the high rates of unemployment there, set himself on fire on the steps of parliament after corrupt police confiscated his wares, the resulting protests soon spread from Morocco to Iran. On January 14, 2011, President Zine el-Abedine Ben Ali fled Tunisia, becoming the first dictator to be ousted as a result of the “Arab Spring.”
Protests soon spread to Egypt, where President Hosni Mubarak was the next to step down after three decades in power. The demonstrations were centered in Tahrir (Liberation) Square in Cairo, Egypt’s capital city. Thousands of people stayed in the square for eighteen days amid attempts by the government to placate the crowd with small concessions and violent attacks by forces loyal to Mubarak. The Egyptian people persevered, however, and are now, hopefully, on their way to free and fair democracy.
Today, movements have sprung up in almost every country in the Middle East and North Africa, from small scale peaceful demonstrations for social and political reforms like in Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates to outright bloody conflict and civil war like in Syria and Libya.
The United Nations has not become directly involved in any country yet, though it has issued several statements expressing deep concern over the human rights abuses that are taking place. The UN High Commissioner of Human Rights, Navi Pillay, said that “resort[ing] to lethal or excessive force against peaceful demonstrators not only violates fundamental rights, including the right to life, but serves to exacerbate tensions and tends to breed a culture of violence.” The UN Security Council has also given its support to the NATO mission in Libya, and we will likely see further discussion in other UN bodies as the “Arab Spring” continues.
As the rest of the world scrambles to adjust to the rapidly changing political climate, the people of the Middle East and North Africa continue to stand up for their rights in a region that previously represented the only part of the world virtually devoid of democratic governments. There is still a lot of hard work ahead for the reformers and nation builders of the “Arab Spring,” but they have taken a revolutionary first step on the road to democracy and freedom.
To keep up with the journey as it continues, follow the Guardian’s “Path of Protest”.
Lately the news has been full of stories from Egypt. As protesters celebrate their liberation from their longtime leader, Hosni Mubarak, they gathered at a marble memorial set up in Cairo’s Tahrir Square today, to mourn the victims of the clashes of the last three weeks. Some placed flowers next to the pictures.
In less than three weeks, Egypt had overthrown a ruler of 30 years, witnessed the military dissolve parliament and helped fuel anti-government protests in Yemen and Algeria. However, as demands for change ripple through the region, many Egyptians are trying to hash out what comes next.
The biggest question is what will happen to Egypt? Demonstrators had demanded changes such as a repeal of Egypt’s emergency law and the implementation of a civilian body but this has been replaced by a military body – to oversee Egypt’s transition to a new government.
Many are demanding better pays especially those who are working for the National Bank and the police force.
However, Egypt has to struggle with the economic problems that fueled the revolution including massive youth unemployment and economic underdevelopment. The demonstrations virtually shut down Egypt’s economy, costing it vital tourism dollars as well.
The military on the other hand are urging Egyptians to stop protesting and return to work as a lack of production will be more harmful to the country’s economy.
What do you think is next for Egypt? Stay tuned with us for more updates on Egypt and what is to come next! For those in the Boston area, come to our YPIC On Tap event tomorrow (Tuesday) evening at Kennedy’s Midtown, where we will be discussing the future of Egypt and it’s impact on foreign relations with other globally-minded young professionals over some libations. Find out more here: http://conta.cc/eGGQgC
And join us!